For the first time in its history, the Court explicitly stipulates clear business and human rights standards to be met by states and companies.

In August 2021, in a landmark ruling in Miskito Divers v. Honduras, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled in favour of 42 members of the Miskito community who sued the State of Honduras over human rights violations resulting from the State’s failure to regulate, supervise, and oversee the practice of dangerous activities by private companies in the deep diving lobster fishing industry.

In its ruling, the Court mandates Honduras to regulate the fishing industry; and importantly, for the first time in its history, sets business and human rights standards under the American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR) and the States which have adopted it.

The ruling marks a turning point in the Inter American Human Rights System by setting out obligations for States and actions to be taken by companies operating in Latin America, with regards to their duty to respect human rights.